What is Septorhinoplasty?
Septorhinoplasty is a plastic surgery procedure in which both the outside of the nose and the internal nasal septum are operated on. The nasal septum is the wall that separates the two parts of the nose. This surgical procedure is performed mainly for patients who suffer from different types of nasal obstruction.
Apart from eliminating the internal obstruction, it also serves the purpose of improving the appearance of the nose. Once the internal obstruction has been removed, the airflow in the nasal cavity will be improved and the patient will be able to breathe more easily. This procedure is actually a combination of two surgical procedures, meaning septoplasty and rhinoplasty.
Septorhinoplasty is a surgical procedure that is performed under general anesthesia and it can last somewhere between two and two and a half hours, depending on each patient. The surgeon will make an incision inside the nose, lifting the nasal mucosa and he will either remove or reposition the piece of bone or cartilage obstructing the airways. For the second part of the procedure, the surgeon will either use the same incision or choose to make a different incision in order to reshape the nose.
Complications of Septorhinoplasty
Given the fact that this is a surgical procedure, there are certain complications that can be related to the anesthesia. These complications can appear during the procedure but also immediately after the surgery has ended. It is important to understand that, in some cases, the complications related to anesthesia are emergency situations and they need to be handled as such. However, in order to prevent anesthesia related complications, the doctor will talk about medical history and allergies.
Other complications can be:
- Infection – necrotizing periorbital cellulitis (very rare)
- Hematoma or abscess
- Injury to the nerves
- Nasal obstruction
- Toxic shock syndrome
- Impaired sense of smell
After the surgery, the patient will experience swelling, both inside and outside the nose for a couple of weeks. Ice packs are recommended for the immediate period after the surgery. There might also be nosebleeds after the surgery but this is pretty normal, as the area has undergone some modifications and many vessels were broken. On the outside of the nose and surrounding areas, there will visible bruising. Some patients might have difficulties breathing, for the first two or three weeks until the swelling subsides. However, the majority of the patients return to full activity after one or two weeks after the surgery.
During the recovery period, the patient will have to wear special splints and casts, in order to guarantee a successful healing process. However, the final results of the septorhinoplasty are only going to be visible after the swelling and bruising have subsides and the healing process is almost complete. During the recovery time, it might be for the best to avoid catching a cold, as this can lead to the infection of the recently operated area. Avoid going into public places where there are lots of potential infection sources.
Before and After Pictures of Septorhinoplasty…