What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is inflammation or swelling of your eyelids and can be a very painful and uncomfortable condition. It is also a very common eye disease and can affect all age groups. This condition will usually occur where your eyelash hair follicles are found. There are two different types of Blepharitis which are:

Anterior Blepharitis

This type affects the outside edges of your eyelid and the attached eyelashes.

Posterior Blepharitis

This type affects the inner edges of your eyelid that comes in contact with your eyeball.

It is common to have a combination of both types of Blepharitis but the degrees of severity are usually different.


  • Many times a person will feel like they have dust or sand in their eyes when they blink.
  • You may have a sensitivity to light
  • The skin around your eyes may flake
  • Your eyelids may appear to be greasy
  • You may have watery or dry eyes

Anterior Blepharitis

  • Your eyelid margins will thicken
  • Your eyelids may stick together
  • You may have itching and tearing of your eyelids
  • Swelling and redness of the lining of your eyelids and eyes

Posterior Blepharitis

  • Having a burning sensation in your eyes
  • Feeling like there is a foreign body in your eyes
  • Redness of your eyes and eyelids that are swollen
  • Pain in your eyes
  • Tear production that is excessive

Severe Symptoms

These symptoms can affect either type of Blepharitis and include:

  • Vision that is blurry
  • Having eyelashes that are missing or growing abnormally
  • Having inflammation of any other eye tissue, especially the cornea
  • Decreased or abnormal oil secretions


Some general causes of Blepharitis include:

  • Conjunctivitis – this is also known as pinkeye and is the inflammation of the inner surface of your eyelid and outer part of the eye
  • Trichiasis – this is the medical term for eyelashes that grow back toward your eye touch the cornea of the eye.
  • Chalazion – this is a cyst in your eyelid that is called by an oil gland that is blocked
  • Keratitis – this is when the part front of the eye referred to as the cornea is inflamed
  • Styes

Anterior Blepharitis

The type of Blepharitis is mainly caused by:

  • Bacteria referred to as staphylococcal Blepharitis that can cause infection of the base of your eyelashes
  • Dandruff of your eyebrows or scalp referred to as seborrheic Blepharitis and is a skin disorder

It can also be caused by:

  • A combination of factor
  • Allergies to certain medications, animals, or chemical irritants
  • Infestation of your eyelashes by head lice or tiny mites known as demodex Blepharitis.
  • Psoriasis which is a skin disease

Posterior Blepharitis

The main cause of this type of Blepharitis is the irregular oil production by the glands in your eyelids which in turn creates an environment for the growth of bacteria. This can cause inflammation or blockage in the meibomian glands in your eyelids. Other causes include:

  • If these glands produce the wrong type of oil, too little, or too much, it can cause your eyelids to become itchy, irritated, and inflamed.
  • It is thought that acne rosacea may be the cause of having Blepharitis. Acne rosacea is an illness of your oil glands on the eyelid
  • If the oil glands malfunction it can cause scaling on your eyelids and dry eyes.


Because there can be many different causes of Blepharitis you should visit your ophthalmologist to make sure that you have the right diagnosis in order to get the proper treatment. One of the main things that you need to do is make sure that you are executing the proper eyelid hygiene which is making sure that you wash your hands before and after touching your eyes. There are some dermatologists who treat this condition do it in the same way that they treat seborrhoeic dermatitis and that is:

  • Mild steroids to help reduce inflammation
  • Anti-inflammatory medication


  • Oral or topical antibiotics
  • Ointments
  • Eye drops

Acne Rosacea

The first step of treatment is to get rid of the skin disorder and then treat the condition.


Make sure that you avoid coming in contact with allergens like animals, chemicals, or smoke.


Use anti-dandruff shampoo on your scalp

Demodex Blepharitis

  • Use a eyelid scrub that is combined with tea tree oil
  • An anti-parasitic gel

Chronic Blepharitis

  • Over-the-counter lid scrubs
  • Other cleansing items
  • An ongoing regimen of good hygiene for eyelid care

Alternative Methods

  • To help lessen the pain and itching you can apply moist warm compresses on your eyes three times a day.
  • Clean your eyelids with a mixture of baby shampoo and water to help get rid of the scales and crusting on your eyelids. You can use a cotton swab to apply this mixture.
  • Rinse your eyes with clean cool or warm water.
  • If you have Blepharitis and it is being treated make sure that you avoid wearing makeup and do not use your contact lenses during the treatment period.
  • To help give your eyes some relief you can use artificial tears.
  • Nutritional supplements such as flaxseed oil or omega-3 fatty acids.

Is Blepharitis Contagious?

Blepharitis is not a contagious disease/condition but it is can be very irritable with the dryness and itchiness. There is no cure for this disease but you can control it with good hygiene on your eyelids. Treatment will control the disease though.

Blepharitis Pictures

Images, Pictures and Photos of the eye condition Blepharitis…


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